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dazzle camouflage

Cubist art was used on Allied military craft in the First World War to confuse the visual appearance of the ships direction, which was needed for aiming torpedoes.

Artists were enlisted to draw up the camouflage designs. Early in the war, designs were drawn for individual ships, with each ship having its own distinctive pattern. As the war progressed, standard patterns were devised and applied to large numbers of ships. Even the great passenger liners were camouflaged for the duration of the War.